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Orphanage is a second-home for the children, a place where children without parents are cared for their development. To ensure every child’s basic needs to be get fulfilled but not limited to cloth, food and shelter. But also for their fullest development as a human being for the society to live with Dignity. Children  whose biological parents are deceased or otherwise unable or unwilling to care for them the orphanages came into existence. Despite the noble intentions, orphans faced a numerous challenges includes to limited resources, overcrowding, and sometimes even the allegations abuse or neglect which can affect their emotional and psychological development. Then the option arrived called as adoption of the child which is a privileged term for the parents who does not have the child. Despite the global trends towards the deinstitutionalization ,orphanages continue to play a significant role in many developing nations. In this context they often serves not only the orphans but also the children from impoverished families who cannot afford to care them. Thus the role of orphanages must be considered within the broader context of child rights. The United Nations convention on the rights of the child emphasizes the right of every child to grow up in a family Environment. Then we must strive to provide a nurturing and protecting environment for the children, while also working for the family reunification else called as alternative family based care wherever possible.while orphanages have played a significant role in child care throughout  history , their function and operation have evolved .Every child needs to be protected and needs to be cared  and operation have evolved .Every child needs to be protected and needs to be cared and loves for their fullest development of thier respective lives.

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